What is Diabetes

What is Diabetes: Treatment, Symptoms, Early Diagnosis and More

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What is Diabetes

The most deadly disease known today is diabetes that is found in almost every home on this planet. It is a disease, which takes place when the blood glucose is present in a more significant amount in your body. Blood glucose, also known as the blood sugar, is the primary source of energy supplying to your body and produces from the food consumed by you every day. When we talk about diabetes, then insulin is the word that is most spoken about. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, which assists glucose from food to enter your cells so that your body can expend it for energy.

Sometimes, the body is not capable of making enough or any amount of insulin, or insulin is not used by the body appropriately. Afterwards, glucose stays in the blood and does not reach the cells well. When the glucose is kept in the blood for a long time, then it is going to cause many health problems that may not be corrected very well. It is for sure that diabetes cannot be cured completely. But at the same time, diabetic patients can take some preventive steps for keeping the blood sugar levels maintained, taking one step towards healthiness. 

Some people call diabetes ‘borderline diabetes’ or ‘touch of sugar.’ It means that a person does not have diabetes or is suffering from less sugar. But it should be retained in mind that every case in which an individual has diabetes is dangerous, and he/she should not be negligible at all. 

Know the types of diabetes 

When you are going to manage the level of diabetes in your body, you should know what kind of diabetes you have. There are three types of diabetes; a person can have. These are: 

·        Type 1 Diabetes

In this type of diabetes, a person’s body does not produce insulin. It is because the immunity becomes low, and the cells in the pancreas are destroyed, which both are responsible for producing insulin. Young adults and children have this type of diabetes, but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetic patients need to depend on insulin to stay alive. This is why they should take insulin every day. 

·        Type 2 Diabetes

When it comes to type 2 diabetes, the body is not capable enough of producing or utilizing insulin correctly. This diabetes type can develop at any age. Of course, children can become its victim. However, older and middle-aged people are the sufferers of this diabetes type. Type 2 diabetes is the most ordinary one to be seen in almost every person. 

·        Gestational Diabetes

It attacks pregnant women. Many times, it has seen that it has gone away after delivery. However, if a woman had dealt with gestational diabetes, then the more chances she may be at a higher risk of dealing with type 2 diabetes in the future. Sometimes, diabetes diagnosed in pregnant women is type 2 diabetes. 

There may be other kinds of diabetes, which are very rarely found in people, including monogenic diabetes, known as inherited diabetes, and cystic fibrosis diabetes. 

Is diabetes a common health illness? 

According to the stats in 2015, 30.3 million people in the USA, or 9.4% of the population, were diabetic patients. The exciting fact about diabetes is that most of the people were not aware that they had diabetes. This illness impact 1 in 4 people if they are above the age of 65. About 90 to 95% of cases in adult people are type 2 diabetes. 

Diabetes Problems

In which category of type 2 diabetes is seen? 

If a person has an age of 45 years or above, then he or she is more likely to have type 2 diabetes, only if you are overweight or have a family history of diabetes. Other causes of type 2 diabetes may also include race, physical inactivity, and some health issues like high blood pressure. Moreover, if in previous times, you had gestational diabetes during pregnancy or have prediabetes, then you may develop type 2 diabetes. Hence, it is important to take some cautionary steps to avoid having any diabetes. 

Health problems that may develop in diabetic patients

If not treated at the right time, most of the diabetic patients may have other health problems, which will not be right at all. High blood sugar levels may cause diseases like:

  • Problems in kidneys 
  • Heart attacks
  • Heart strokes
  • Nerve damage 
  • Eye-related problems 
  • Dental-related issues
  • Foot problems

This is why it is always guided to adopt healthy habits in your lifestyle that may lower the chance of developing any kind of diabetes at any age. 

Healthy tips to reduce blood sugar 

Are you ready to beat up your high blood sugar levels and overcome them? If yes, then there are some healthy tips compiled for you that you should follow every day with confidence and patience. Let’s check them:

  • Exercising regularly is one of the mandatory things you should do. If you lose weight, then it will consequently affect your insulin sensitivity by increasing it. The more insulin sensitivity, the more ability of the blood cells to use the present sugar in the bloodstream. 
  • Keep a check on your carb consumption. If you eat more carbs, then it may make you suffer from insulin malfunctioning. 
  • Try to eat more Fiber. Include those foods, which have more Fiber content. Fiber is capable of slowing carb digestion and sugar penetration. 
  • Have more water to stay hydrated, which will help you maintain the glucose levels in a healthy range.
  • Have those foods, which have a low glycemic index.
  • Try to avoid getting indulged in stressed situations. Stress is a significant factor that affects blood sugar levels in the body. Control them and try to be patient and happy.
  • Keep a record of the blood sugar levels. When you measure it, then you will easily manage it. 
  • Have more sleep, as poor sleeping patterns can disturb your insulin sensitivity. 

You can do a lot more about your blood sugar level management to stay away from diabetes. It is better to visit a doctor often. 

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